Acanthobothrium chabahariensis n. sp. (Cestoda: Onchoproteocephalidea) in the cowtail stingray Pastinachus cf. sephen (Myliobatiformes: Dasyatidae) from the Gulf of Oman, Iran

Document Type: Research Article

Authors

1 Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Kurdistan, Sanandaj, Iran

2 School of Biology and Center of Excellence in Phylogeny of Living Organisms, College of Science, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

3 Young Researchers and Elite Club, Bandar Abbas Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bandar Abbas, Iran

Abstract

A new species of genus Acanthobothrium Blanchard, 1848 is described from the spiral intestine of Pastinachus cf. sephen (Forsskal, 1775) from Iranian coasts of the Gulf of Oman. The morphological characteristics of specimens were analyzed with light and scanning electron microscopy. Acanthobothrium chabahariense n. sp. is a category 1 species (with Pastinachus. It is distinguished from the other species from the region within the genus by a combination of the following morphological features: total length, number of proglottids, hook length, number of testes and ovarian lobe length. Pastinachus sephen is a complex group still with no taxonomic resolution; therefore, the identity of the host in this study area is in question. Because of the molecular study of specimens from the Gulf of Oman did not completely correspond with P. sephen since they were introduced as P. cf. sephen. This brings the total number of species of Acanthobothrium from Pastinachus to 11 and the total number of Acanthobothrium species described from the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman to seven. In addition, an identification key to the Acanthobothrium species occurring in the Pastinachus species was provided. 

Keywords


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